The Esan people (Esan: Ẹ̀bhò Ẹ̀sán) are an ethnic group of south-south Nigeria who speak the Esan language an Edoid language related to Edo, Urhobo, Owan language, Isoko, and Etsako. It is considered a regionally important language in Nigeria, and it is taught in primary schools in addition to being broadcast on radio and television.
The Esan People are traditionally Farmers and hunters. They cultivate palm trees, Irvingia gabonensis (erhonhiele), Cherry (Otien), bell pepper (akoh) coconut, kola nut, black pear, avocado pear, yams, cocoyam, cassava, maize, rice, beans, groundnut, bananas, oranges, plantains, sugar cane, tomato, potato, pineapple, paw paw, and various vegetables.
The modern Esan nation is believed to have been organized during the 15th century, when citizens, mostly nobles and princes, left the neighbouring Benin Empire for the northeast. They formed communities and kingdoms called Eguares among the aboriginal peoples whom they met there.
There are on the whole 35 established kingdoms in Esanland, including Ebelle, Ewohimi, Ekpoma, Ubiaja, Uromi, Uzea, Igueben, Ewatto, Irrua, Opoji, Ugboha and Ewu. The Esan People value their offsprings, this is the reason compare to some cultures their bride price is very low (#24) this represents 24 cowries or British pounds used in the pre-Colonia and Colonia period. The payment of bride price is important to the conclusion of marriage notable under the Esan native law, which like any other law of marriage in Nigeria; it is recognized under the marriage Act.
The Esan People enjoy delicacies like Pounded yam with Ogbono soup, Groundnut soup or Garri (Eba), Pounded yam with Black soup or Egusi